Showing posts with label reptiles facts. Show all posts
Showing posts with label reptiles facts. Show all posts
Dragon Snake

Dragon Snake

Dragon Snake:



Scientific Name: "Xenodermus "
Family: Colubridae
Length: up to 76 cm
Distribution: Thailand , Burma and Indonesia

Dragon Snake


Dragon Snake


  • Also known as the Javan Mudsnake or Rough-backed Litter Snake, this rare species of snake is fully nocturnal and are known to subsists on a diet mainly of frogs


  • Dragon snakes undergo reproduction by egg and only lay several clutches of 2 to 4 eggs each year in the rainy season , which is during October to February


  • When they encounter threats, they exhibit an unusual behavior where they stiffen their whole body and straighten into a line
  • Although they are a rare species Dragon  snakes are not the object of any conservation endeavors at the moment


  • Due to the fact that are quite a rare species and are known to die when placed into captivity many things are yet to be discovered regarding this cool looking reptile


  • However many of us would agree that this snake is probably one of the coolest snakes we have ever seen
Flying Gecko

Flying Gecko

Flying Gecko:

Scientific Name : Ptychozoon Kuhli
Family : Gekkonidae
Length: Up to 18 cm
Distribution: South East


Flying Gecko



Flying Gecko facts


  • Other names include Kuhl's Flying Gecko, these unique species had some intriguing adaptations to its skin


  • Mainly flaps on both sides  of its body, a flattened tail and webbed feet providing it with amazing camouflage and allowing it to glide over short distance


  • These flaps help generate life and control fail . Not to be confused with their name , these lizards don't actually fly but rather glide up to 60m


  • Their cryptic coloration and membrane make them masters in the art of camouflage in the wild. They blend so well with the environment that the only way to see one is to look for their eyes

The Flying Gecko lives in trees in the rain forests and have a tendency of hopping from branch to branch  . They do this to steer themselves clear of all the predators that  other species have to deal with on the ground..

  • Like many other gecko species , "Flying Gecko" have evolved intricate toe pads with microscopic hairs that can adhere to almost any surface . They are even observed to adhere to glass surface.


  • Flying geckos require among other things a 15-20 gallon terrarium and careful handling. They should be handled as little as possible due to possible damage to their skin.


  • Flying Geckos are insectivorous . In captivity they feed on crickets , mealwors, super worms and wax worms


Flying Snake

Flying Snake

Flying Snake:


Scientific Name : Chrysopelea
Family: Colubridae
Length: Up to 1.2m
Distribution: Southeast Asia, Srilanka China and India

Flying Snake


"Flying Snake"


  • Also known as Gliding Snakes, Chrysopelea are famously known for their unique gliding ability in the air
  • Although mildly venomous , their tiny, fixed rear fangs make them quite harmless to humans
  • Despite their name, Flying Snakes don't actually fly because they are simply parachuting themselves towards a high start point to reach a lower landing over a long distance mostly in search of prey, giving the illusion of flying or slithering in air
  • Nonetheless these snake prove to quite impressive
  • But how do they do it though? A Flying Snake will first climb to the top of trees
  • Then it sucks in its abdomen and flares out its ribs, turning itself into somewhat of a moving flat ribbon so that its its aerodynamic shape Ables it to glide through air
  • This unique ability to propel itself and all the while making a continual serpentine motion of lateral undulation parallel to the ground to stabilize its direction in mid-air in order to land safely certainly makes them very interesting creatures..
  • Despite having limbs wings or another wring-like projections, it is believed that Flying Snakes are able to glide even better than Flying Squirrels and other gliding animals of the same category
  • It is said that they can even glide through dense forest and jungle with great distances of over 100 m
  • The Flying Snakes ability to glide has been an object of interest for physicists and scientists for many years and they are hopeful that this research will lead to design robots which can glide in the air from one place to another


anaconda snake

anaconda snake

anaconda snake


Scientific name: Eunectes Murinus
Family Group: Boidae
Length: up to 6.30 m ( 21 ft)
Weight: up to 97.5 kg
Distribution: South America


Also known as Green Anaconda and the Water Boa this anaconda is the world's heaviest and arguably the longest reptile. It  is most famously known for being the largest of snakes throughout history for reaching astonishing size


anaconda snake


anaconda snake facts




  • Up to now largest anaconda ever measured was almost 28 feet long with a grith of 44 inches with an estimated weight of over 500 lbs


  • The "Green anaconda" is primarily nocturnal anaconda species and tends to spend most of its life in or around the water 


  • This might appear to be rather slow and sluggish when traveling on land due to their size but they can have reach high speeds when in water 


  • While in the water they float beneath the surface of the water with their snouts above the surface waiting for prey 


  • When prey passes by or stops to drink these dangerous snakes strike and constrict the prey until suffocation takes hold or is crushed to death and lies from internal bleeding . After that the snake then unhinges it's elastic jaw and swallows the victim whole 


  • As for their diet large anacondas may even consume prey as large as tapirs deer caimans and even jaguars


  • According to many local stories and legends , Anacondas are said to even be a man eater but little evidence supports such activity 


  • They employ construction to sub due their prey Cannibalism among green anacondas is also known most recorded cases involving a larger female consuming a smaller male 


  • Although anacondas do have teeth but they are a species of venomous snakes 


  • However it is possible to be bitten by an anaconda but the bite itself would not be fatal


Dwarf Crocodile

Dwarf Crocodile

Dwarf Crocodile:


Scientific Name : Osteolaemus Tetraspis
Family: Crocodylidae
Length: Up to 190 cm
Weight: Up to 82 kg
Distribution: Sub Saharan West Africa & Central Asia


Dwarf Crocodile





"Dwarf Crocodile"


  • Also famously known commonly as the African Dwarf Crocodile or the Bony Crocodile , these rather small crocs are the smallest of their species .


  • These Crocodile have a heavily armoured neck back and tail and also has osteoderms on its belly..


  • These unique features are mostly probably due to the result of heightened vulnerability to predation mainly due to its small size.


  • Dwarf crocodile can be found hidden in pools burrows in streams , swamps, mangrove but generally avoid main sections of large rivers within forested regions.


  • While most crocodile are known to always bask in the sun the Dwarf Crocodile however rarely does.


  • They are timid reptiles and are mainly nocturnal . They mainly forage near the water


  • However they are believed to expand the feeding pattern to land in extensive forays especially after rains . Earning them the title as one of the most terrestrial species of crcodilian


  • Dwarf can survive for relatively long periods without food often retreat to deep holes in dry seasons


  • According to the IUCN the Dwarf Crocodile is considered a vulnerable species . These are believed to be caused by hunting for bush meat or habitat loss due to deforestation


  • These small crocodile are widely kept and bred in many zoos..
Calotes versicolor

Calotes versicolor

Calotes versicolor:




Scientific Name ::  Calotes Versicolor
Family: Agamidae
Length: Up to 38 cm
Distribution: Asia

Calotes versicolor




facts about Calotes versicolor


  • Also famously known as the "Oriental Garden Lizard" , Crested Tree Lizard or Eastern Garden Lizard, The Changeable Lizard is as insectivore lizard found widely distributed in Asia and has been introduced in Many other parts of the world .


  • It has a spiny back with 2 small groups of spines perfectly separated from each other.


  • Based from the name , this lizard species can change its color from a general ground ( light brownish olive) color , to a bright red, to black or even to a mixture of both. Interestingly males get a bright red throat in the breeding season.


  • While many mistaken the changeable Lizard to be related to Chameleons due to their color-changing trait they are actually related to iguanas ( which are found only in the New World)


  • Unlike other lizards they do not drop their traits ( Autotomy ) and their tails can be very long , stiff and pointy. Like other reptiles they shed their skins. Like chameleons Changeable Lizards can move each of their eyes in different directions.


  • During the breeding season,, the male's head and shoulder's turns bright orange to crimson and his throat black . Males also turn red-headed after a successful battle with rivals


  • Its name" Crested Tree Lizard " is derived from both males and females having a crest from the head to nearly the tail..


  • Their diet mainly consists of insects , small vertebrates and at its clutches , they prey is shacked about rapidly in order to be stunned only to be swallowed whole afterwards -not being teared up as their teeth are designed for merely gripping prey..


  • Changeable Lizards are quite common and adapted very well to humans ..
black mamba facts

black mamba facts

black mamba facts:


Scientific Name : Dendroapis Polylepis
Family: Elapidae
Length: Up to 4.5 m
Weight : Up to 2.1 kg
Distribution: Africa

black mamba facts



"black mamba facts"


  • Arguably one of the world's poisonous snakes , The Black Mamba is a highly venomous snake and is the longest species of venomous snake indigenous to African Continent


  • These deadly live in the Savannah and rocky hills of southern and eastern  Africa and their skin color varies from grey to dark brown


  • The Black Mamba have fangs up to 6.4 mm in length located at the front of the maxilla


  • Unlike most mamba species that tend to dwell on trees the Black Mamba prefers lairs in terrestrial habitats in a range of terrains such as savannas , woodlands and in rocky slopes.


  • They hunt during the day time by ambushing predators mainly of small mammals and small birds. With speeds of up to 11 km/h they are considered a very dangerous pursuit predator. Paired with great vision these snakes have few natural predators.


  • When threatened the Black Mamba will open its narrow neck -flap and some time hiss at the threat . Its venom is primarily composed of potent neurotoxins that can cause fast onset of symptoms , making its venom extremely toxic.


  • A single bite  from black mamba can deliver about 110 mg of venom on average and the maximum dose recorded is over 350 mg.


  • The Black Mamba is also the fastest land snake in the world, able to reach speeds in excess of 12 miles per hour (20kph). However it uses this speed to escape danger, rather than catch prey.


  • It is recorded to be capable of striking at a considerable range and delivering a series of bites in rapid succession


  • Although it is famously known for being aggressive it will still usually attempt to flee from humans unless threatened or cornered


  • Before the antivenom was widely available for the Black Mamba snake bite, it was reported that the mortality rate from a bite was nearly 100%


  • If a person is bitten they will usually collapse within 45 minutes or less and without effective antivenom therapy , death typically occurs in 6-15 hours..


black mamba speed



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