Showing posts with label reptiles facts. Show all posts
Showing posts with label reptiles facts. Show all posts
leatherback sea turtle facts

leatherback sea turtle facts

leatherback sea turtle facts:



Scientific Name: Dermochelys Coriacea
Family : Dermochelyidae
Length: Up to 2.5 m
Weight: Up to 916 kg 2019( lbs)
Distribution


leatherback sea turtle facts


Leatherback Sea Turtle


  • Also sometimes referred to as the Leathery Turtle or Lute Turtle it is fays for being known as the largest of all living turtle species
  • Like its name its back is covered by thick leathery skin and oily flesh unlike other turtles with bony shells.


  • Among all turtles , the Leather back Turtle  has the most hydrodynamic body design


  • With a large almost tear-drop like body , it also has a large pair of front flip flippers that can grow up to 2.7 m ( 9ft) that powers their swimming abilities.


  • These huge turtles are a species with a cosmopolitan global range , meaning that they can be fond in all tropical and subtropical oceans including the Arctic Circle .


  • The "Leather back turtles's" diet consists mainly of jellyfish and other soft bodies organisms . As these turtles make nest and lay eggs on shore at beaches , it's no surprise that their do face many predators that their do face many predators at the early stages of their life even before hatching


  • Natural coastal predators of their eggs include raccoons dogs seagulls, ghost crabs and more


  • Once they hatch however many of these same predators including bigger birds such as the frigate bird join the list of natural predators


  • Well it doesn't end there once the baby turtle reaches the ocean they are still faced with predation from sharks and other large fish


  • Despite not having a bony shell adult Leather Back Turtle surprisingly face only a handful of predators .


  • It is believed that adults actually quite aggressive in defending itself, though hey are still easily over powered when preyed upon by large predators of the sea such as Killer Whales


  • The Leather Back Turtles are generally considered a vulnerable and endangered species due to many natural and unnatural threats to their livelihood


  • Luckily many efforts and campaigns have been made for the cause


Mata Mata | mata mata turtle

Mata Mata | mata mata turtle

Mata Mata | mata mata turtle:



Scientific Name : Chelus Fimbriata
Family : Chelidae
Length: Up to 46 cm
Weight: Up to 16 kg ( 35 lbs)
Distribution: South America

Mata Mata | mata mata turtle


mata mata facts


  • The Mata Mata is a species of large fresh water turtle primarily found in the Amazon and Orinoco basins


  • These large sedentary turtles have a triangular flattened head and a some what of a horn on its long and tabular snout , making this turtle species very unique in appearance


  • Their Shell resembles a piece of bark and its head resembles fallen leaves - which makes them quite hard to spot out


  • When motionless in the water they can easily blend with their surrounding vegetation and wait for prey


  • Although strictly a carnivorous and aquatic species , it is observed that they are more likely to stand in shallow waters where their snout can reach the surface to breathe.


  • They get their food via suction feeding : where the Mata Mata thrusts out its head and opens its large mouth as wide as possible , creating a low-pressure vacuum that sucks the prey into its mouth only to snap its mouth shut, slowly expelling the water and swallowing the fish whole


  • They can't chew their food due to they way their mouths are constructed


  • "Mata Mata Turtles" make interesting display animals as they have a very unique feature and are able to grow to large sizes.
  • They are famous among the exotic pet trade however are quite expensive ..
Panther Chameleon

Panther Chameleon

Panther Chameleon:


Scientific Name: Furcifer Pardalis
Family : Chamaeleonidaae
Length: Up to 50 cm
Weight : Up to 180 g
Distribution : Madagascar


Panther Chameleon


panther chameleon facts

Panther Chameleons are one of the most colorful animals you'll ever see! With mostly green and red color on their bodies they also have this prominent white stripe along their body:


Although the males are generally more vibrantly colored that the females it is observed also varies with location

These colorful reptiles are Zygodactylous , meaning that the five toes on each foot are fused into a group of two and a group of three.

This gives the foot a tongs-like appearance and is what enables them to have a tight grip on narrow branches .

Adding to this tight grip is a sharp claw on each toe , which aids in gaining traction on woody surface when on the climb

Unlike many reptiles , "Panther Chameleons" have unique eyes where the upper and lower eyelids are joined , with only a pinhole large enough , for the pupil to see through.

They have a 260 degree arc of vision of their surroundings as their eyes can rotate and focus on different things separately

Meaning they can observe two are independently , but also can focus on one direction when prey is on sight.

Their stereoscopic vision makes them experts at depth perception , even being able to spot small insects as far as 10m ( 33 ft ) away!

Panther Chameleons are said to have tongues longer than their own body length and can extend it as fast as 0.003 seconds and by that time its prey is already in contact

In Doing so , once the tip of their tongues sticks to a small insect or prey their tongue is then rapidly drawn back into the mouth ,only for the prey to be crushed by their powerful jaws and consumed 
Rubber Boa

Rubber Boa

Rubber Boa:

Scientific Name: Charina Bottae
Family : Boidae
Length: Up to 84 cm
Weight: Up to 80 g
Distribution: Western United States & British Columbia, Canada


Rubber Boa


"Rubber Boa snake"


  • Also known as the Coastal Rubber Boa, these snakes have short blunt tails that closely resemble the shape of their head and loose , wrinkled skin that consists of small scales that are smooth and shiny , giving it a rubber-like look and texture-hence their name.


  • Rubbers Boas are usually tan to dark brown with a lighter ventral surface, however there are in olive-green, yellow or even orange.


  • They are a species of extremely adaptable snakes , being a not only a good climber and burrower but also a good swimmer


  • These are quite different from other snakes . The Rubber Boa is considered as one of the most docile of the Boa species and are often used to help people overcome their fear of snakes .


  • They are not only nonvenomous , but also known to never strike at or bite a human under any circumstances but will release a potent musk from their vent if they feel threatened


  • Rubber Boas have been known to inhabit grassland, meadows and chaparral to deciduous and conifer forests to high alpine settings


  • Unlike other snakes that can inhibit environments that are too hot and dry , Rubber Boas can,'t


  • Interestingly however they can live in surprisingly cold places even for a snake .


  • Rubber Boas are viviparous ( give birth to live young ) and can have up to 8 young per year, but many females will only reproduce every four years ..
Sailfin Lizard

Sailfin Lizard

Philippine Sailfin Lizard

Scientific Name: Hydrosaurus Pustulatus
Family: Agamidae
Length: Up to 1.2 m ( 4ft)
Weight : up to 2.3 kg ( 5lbs)
Distribution: The Philippines

Sailfin Lizard



"sailfin lizard facts"


  • Famously known as the Philippines Sailfin Lizard , Crested Lizard , Sail fin Water Lizard , Soa-Soa water lizard or its native name ibid


  • This large lizard species is endemic only to the Philippines .


  • The Sail-fin Dragon has flattened toes that enables it to typically run across water , also making it an excellent swimmer.


  • They tend to live near rivers and rice fields in the tropical forests of the Philippines and feed on fruits insects , and even smaller animals


  • Male Sail-fin Dragons have a larger crest on their back and tend to be more colorful compared to their counterparts


  • Sail-fin Dragons are now classified as vulnerable by the IUCN due to habitat loss , being hunted for food and collection for the pet trade..