Showing posts with label reptiles facts. Show all posts
Showing posts with label reptiles facts. Show all posts
leatherback sea turtle facts

leatherback sea turtle facts

leatherback sea turtle facts:



Scientific Name: Dermochelys Coriacea
Family : Dermochelyidae
Length: Up to 2.5 m
Weight: Up to 916 kg 2019( lbs)
Distribution


leatherback sea turtle facts


Leatherback Sea Turtle


  • Also sometimes referred to as the Leathery Turtle or Lute Turtle it is fays for being known as the largest of all living turtle species
  • Like its name its back is covered by thick leathery skin and oily flesh unlike other turtles with bony shells.


  • Among all turtles , the Leather back Turtle  has the most hydrodynamic body design


  • With a large almost tear-drop like body , it also has a large pair of front flip flippers that can grow up to 2.7 m ( 9ft) that powers their swimming abilities.


  • These huge turtles are a species with a cosmopolitan global range , meaning that they can be fond in all tropical and subtropical oceans including the Arctic Circle .


  • The "Leather back turtles's" diet consists mainly of jellyfish and other soft bodies organisms . As these turtles make nest and lay eggs on shore at beaches , it's no surprise that their do face many predators that their do face many predators at the early stages of their life even before hatching


  • Natural coastal predators of their eggs include raccoons dogs seagulls, ghost crabs and more


  • Once they hatch however many of these same predators including bigger birds such as the frigate bird join the list of natural predators


  • Well it doesn't end there once the baby turtle reaches the ocean they are still faced with predation from sharks and other large fish


  • Despite not having a bony shell adult Leather Back Turtle surprisingly face only a handful of predators .


  • It is believed that adults actually quite aggressive in defending itself, though hey are still easily over powered when preyed upon by large predators of the sea such as Killer Whales


  • The Leather Back Turtles are generally considered a vulnerable and endangered species due to many natural and unnatural threats to their livelihood


  • Luckily many efforts and campaigns have been made for the cause


Mata Mata | mata mata turtle

Mata Mata | mata mata turtle

Mata Mata | mata mata turtle:



Scientific Name : Chelus Fimbriata
Family : Chelidae
Length: Up to 46 cm
Weight: Up to 16 kg ( 35 lbs)
Distribution: South America

Mata Mata | mata mata turtle


mata mata facts


  • The Mata Mata is a species of large fresh water turtle primarily found in the Amazon and Orinoco basins


  • These large sedentary turtles have a triangular flattened head and a some what of a horn on its long and tabular snout , making this turtle species very unique in appearance


  • Their Shell resembles a piece of bark and its head resembles fallen leaves - which makes them quite hard to spot out


  • When motionless in the water they can easily blend with their surrounding vegetation and wait for prey


  • Although strictly a carnivorous and aquatic species , it is observed that they are more likely to stand in shallow waters where their snout can reach the surface to breathe.


  • They get their food via suction feeding : where the Mata Mata thrusts out its head and opens its large mouth as wide as possible , creating a low-pressure vacuum that sucks the prey into its mouth only to snap its mouth shut, slowly expelling the water and swallowing the fish whole


  • They can't chew their food due to they way their mouths are constructed


  • "Mata Mata Turtles" make interesting display animals as they have a very unique feature and are able to grow to large sizes.
  • They are famous among the exotic pet trade however are quite expensive ..
Panther Chameleon

Panther Chameleon

Panther Chameleon:


Scientific Name: Furcifer Pardalis
Family : Chamaeleonidaae
Length: Up to 50 cm
Weight : Up to 180 g
Distribution : Madagascar


Panther Chameleon


panther chameleon facts

Panther Chameleons are one of the most colorful animals you'll ever see! With mostly green and red color on their bodies they also have this prominent white stripe along their body:


Although the males are generally more vibrantly colored that the females it is observed also varies with location

These colorful reptiles are Zygodactylous , meaning that the five toes on each foot are fused into a group of two and a group of three.

This gives the foot a tongs-like appearance and is what enables them to have a tight grip on narrow branches .

Adding to this tight grip is a sharp claw on each toe , which aids in gaining traction on woody surface when on the climb

Unlike many reptiles , "Panther Chameleons" have unique eyes where the upper and lower eyelids are joined , with only a pinhole large enough , for the pupil to see through.

They have a 260 degree arc of vision of their surroundings as their eyes can rotate and focus on different things separately

Meaning they can observe two are independently , but also can focus on one direction when prey is on sight.

Their stereoscopic vision makes them experts at depth perception , even being able to spot small insects as far as 10m ( 33 ft ) away!

Panther Chameleons are said to have tongues longer than their own body length and can extend it as fast as 0.003 seconds and by that time its prey is already in contact

In Doing so , once the tip of their tongues sticks to a small insect or prey their tongue is then rapidly drawn back into the mouth ,only for the prey to be crushed by their powerful jaws and consumed 
Rubber Boa

Rubber Boa

Rubber Boa:

Scientific Name: Charina Bottae
Family : Boidae
Length: Up to 84 cm
Weight: Up to 80 g
Distribution: Western United States & British Columbia, Canada


Rubber Boa


"Rubber Boa snake"


  • Also known as the Coastal Rubber Boa, these snakes have short blunt tails that closely resemble the shape of their head and loose , wrinkled skin that consists of small scales that are smooth and shiny , giving it a rubber-like look and texture-hence their name.


  • Rubbers Boas are usually tan to dark brown with a lighter ventral surface, however there are in olive-green, yellow or even orange.


  • They are a species of extremely adaptable snakes , being a not only a good climber and burrower but also a good swimmer


  • These are quite different from other snakes . The Rubber Boa is considered as one of the most docile of the Boa species and are often used to help people overcome their fear of snakes .


  • They are not only nonvenomous , but also known to never strike at or bite a human under any circumstances but will release a potent musk from their vent if they feel threatened


  • Rubber Boas have been known to inhabit grassland, meadows and chaparral to deciduous and conifer forests to high alpine settings


  • Unlike other snakes that can inhibit environments that are too hot and dry , Rubber Boas can,'t


  • Interestingly however they can live in surprisingly cold places even for a snake .


  • Rubber Boas are viviparous ( give birth to live young ) and can have up to 8 young per year, but many females will only reproduce every four years ..
Sailfin Lizard

Sailfin Lizard

Philippine Sailfin Lizard

Scientific Name: Hydrosaurus Pustulatus
Family: Agamidae
Length: Up to 1.2 m ( 4ft)
Weight : up to 2.3 kg ( 5lbs)
Distribution: The Philippines

Sailfin Lizard



"sailfin lizard facts"


  • Famously known as the Philippines Sailfin Lizard , Crested Lizard , Sail fin Water Lizard , Soa-Soa water lizard or its native name ibid


  • This large lizard species is endemic only to the Philippines .


  • The Sail-fin Dragon has flattened toes that enables it to typically run across water , also making it an excellent swimmer.


  • They tend to live near rivers and rice fields in the tropical forests of the Philippines and feed on fruits insects , and even smaller animals


  • Male Sail-fin Dragons have a larger crest on their back and tend to be more colorful compared to their counterparts


  • Sail-fin Dragons are now classified as vulnerable by the IUCN due to habitat loss , being hunted for food and collection for the pet trade..
saltwater crocodile facts

saltwater crocodile facts

saltwater crocodile facts:



Scientific Name: Crocodylus Porosus
Family : Crocodylidae
Length: Up to 6.2 m (20 ft) 
Weight: Up to 1075 kg ( 2370 lbs) 
Distribution: Eastern India, Southeast Asia & Northern Australia 

saltwater crocodile facts




  • Also known as the Sea Crocodile, Estuarine Crocodile, Indo-Pacific Crocodile, Marine Crocodile , or as Sal-tie , it is the largest of all living reptiles in the whole wide world.

  • These huge crocodiles are able to over power other huge predators such as sharks , when it is their territory . 

  • Being able to survive on relatively little food for a prolonged period , it is not only highly aggressive but also a very opportunistic s predator hunting by ambush

  • Salt Water Crocodile have the broadest distribution of any modern crocodile , ranging from marine environments ( mangrove swamps , deltas , river , etc ) in the eastern coast of India throughout most of Southeast Asia and northern Australia . 

  • They are capable of ambushing and then drowning their prey only to rip open their prey or swallow them whole 

  • It holds the record as being the most dangerous crocodile species due to its over powering size and unpredictable aggression . 

  • Leaving little hope to none for those that unintentionally wandering into their territory once they may direct contact. 

  • "Saltwater Crocodiles" are not picky eaters they will gladly eat anything based on availability including large mammals

  • These include deer , wild boars, tapirs ,,orangutans , tigers water buffalo's and even humans.

  • As if they don't hold enough world records already Saltwater Crocodiles also hold the record for the highest bite force ever !

  • With a bite force of 4000 pounds per square inch, certainly makes them a formidable predator in the wild 

  • As a comparison to this , note that we only exert 200 pounds per square inch of force to tear down into a steak . Think about that!

  • However, its ability to open its jaw is just had as it is good in closing them. 

  • They have small and weak muscles to open their jaw which can easily be secured shut with only a few layers of duct tape.

  • Despite holding many world records as a powerful predator , Salt Water Crocodiles , along with the Nile Crocodile are not to be taken lightly 

  • These Crocodiles are responsible for hundreds of attacks and human deaths every years..
Pit Viper | snake

Pit Viper | snake

Pit Viper | snake:


Scientific Name: Bothrops Asper
Family : Viperidae
Length: up to 2.6 m ( 13.6 ft)
Weight: Up to 6.2 Kg
Distribution: South America & Southern Mexico


Pit Viper | snake


Pit Viper facts


  • These highly venomous pit vipers can often be found in near rivers and streams lowland habitats , usually near human habitations , well camouflaged in leaf litter .
  • Its tendency to lurk near human habitations and temperament are the main reasons why this snake is easily considered one of the most dangerous of its species in the world
  • Its most prominent feature that sets in aside from other snakes is their broad, flattened heads which are set to apart from the rest of their bodies which usually a shade of dark brown to black
  • Ultimate viper is swift, very venomous and highly unpredictable
  • When threatened it is very defensive and may exhibit an S-coiled defense display and usually attempt to flee
  • However it has been observed to suddenly reversing direction swiftly to defend it self
  • It can even to eject venom over a distance of as least 2m in fine jets from the tips of its fangs, making in a very dangerous species
  • It is solely responsible for almost 80% of all envenomations and snake bite fatalities in the state of Lara, Venezuela according to a report in the year 1971 . As if that's not bad enough , most victims were bitten indoors
  • If bitten by a "Pit Viper" observed symptoms include pain vomiting oozing from the puncture  wounds , local swelling that may increase for up to 36 hours , bruising that spreads from the bite site, blisters mild fever bleeding from the nose and gums gastrointestinal bleeding nausea vomiting tenderness of the spleen and many other fatal sump toms
  • Ultimate "pit viper" is considered the most dangerous snake in Costa Rica because it is the main cause of snake bite incidents within its range and is easily one of the most dangerous species in the world


Sea Snakes

Sea Snakes

Sea Snakes:


Scientific Name: Hydrophiinae
Family : Elapidae
Length: Up to 3 m (10Ft)
Weight: up to 1.4 kg
Distribution: Indian and Pacific Ocean

Sea Snakes




Sea Snakes facts


  • Also known as Coral Reef Snakes , Sea Snakes are a subfamily of venomous elapidae snakes that inhabit marine environments for most or all of their lives being able to swim at depths over 90 m and can remain submerged for as long as a few hours .


  • Almost all Sea Snake species are fully adapted to aquatic life and are unable to move on land


  • Although they spend most of their lives under the sea they do not have gills and must surface regularly to breathe like whales


  • Most Hydrophiinae species have a paddle-like tail that has improved their swimming abilities and feed on smaller fish


  • Most sea snakes are of mid nature and bite only when provoked there are certain species of sea snakes with some of the most potent venom's of all snakes


  • Unlike other reptiles that also have thick and scaly skin the Sea Snakes are observed to be able to breathe through the top of their skin .


  • Despite the "Sea Snakes" unique marine adaptations , most of them prefer shallow waters near land around islands and especially sheltered waters


  • Although all bites from Sea Snakes rarely cause envenomation when it does it usually is painless and may not even be noticed when contact is made


  • Symptoms from being bitten include generalized aching , stiffness and tenderness of muscles all over the body leading paralysis of muscles involved in swallowing and respiration, making their bites fatal


Marine Iguana facts

Marine Iguana facts

Marine Iguana facts:

Scientific Name: Amblyrhynchus Cristatus

Family : Iguanidae
Length : Up to 35 cm
Weight: Up to 13.5 kg
Distribution: Galapagose Island


Marine Iguana facts



Marine Iguana


  • Also known as the Galapagos Marina Iguana , it is species of Iguana found only on the Galapagose Island
  • Unlike many other lizards this special species has the ability to forage in the sea , hence making it a marine reptile
  • Not that marine reptiles such as the Saltwater Crocodile are unheard of but they are certainly a minority in the reptilian species
  • Marine Iguana tend to live in colonies on the rocky beaches , marshes and beaches and have a diet almost exclusively on algae which they scrape off rocks with their flat jaws
  • It observed that males can dive as deep as 20 meters into cold water just to find their food source
  • The "Marine Iguana" has a special way of removing excess salt from its several feet from the glands through the nostrils
  • Their only natural predators are Galapagose hawks and certain herons which feed on their young .
  • However it is believed that they encountered terrestrial predators for the first time somewhat about 150 years ago , where introduced dogs have significantly reduced their population by a third in some areas


Snapping Turtle

Snapping Turtle

Snapping Turtle:


Scientific Name: Chelydra Serpentina
Family : Chelydridae
Length: Up to 50 cm
Weight: Up to 39 kg
Distribution: Canada, Nova Scotia & Florida

Snapping Turtle




snapping turtle facts


  • More famously known as the Common Snapping Turtle, these are a species of large freshwater turtle that are noted for their combative disposition when out of the water with its powerful beak-like jaws and highly mobile head and neck -hence their specific name being serpentine , which means " snake Like "


  • These turtles are normally found in shallow ponds and streams . However they are likely to flee and hide the selves underwater in sediment while in the water .


  • While their eggs and hatching may be vulnerable to predication, adult Snapping Turtles have very few natural predators as they are at the top of the food chain


  • Although they are known to be quite fierce in nature , they will slip quietly away from any disturbance ( such as encountering swimmers ) or may seek shelter under mud or grass nearby.


  • However a caught "snapping Turtle" is a totally different story. If caught , they become a really aggressive and have a strong enough bite to easily amputate human fingers .


  • These Turtle are certainly not to be taken lightly..


Spiny Softshell Turtle

Spiny Softshell Turtle

Spiny Softshell Turtle:


Scientific Name : Apalone Spinifera
Family : Trionychidae
Length: up to 46 cm
Distribution: North America


Spiny Softshell Turtle



Spiny Softshell Turtle


  • This species of soft shell turtle is famously known as one of the largest  fresh water turtle species in North America


  • Its name refers to their spiny cone-like projection on the leaading edge of the carapace (the upper part of the shell)


  • Its most distinguishable feature us its leathery , moderately flexible carapace -where scientists believes that it is due to loss of keratinizid scutes and some bony tissues loss


  • Spiny Softshell Turtles also have webbed feet a fleshy, elongated nose .


  • These softshell turtle are primarily a riverine species and feed on a variety of food items including insects, caryfish, smaller fish, algal stocks and other plant material


  • Spiny Softshell Turtle prefer waters with sandy bottoms as well as clean sandy banks because these sandy environments are important for nesting sites , proper juvenile growth and development as well as for camouflage


  • Being the benthic feeders , "Spiny Softshell Turtle" are observed to actively hunt prey or bury themselves in the sand wait to ambush prey..


  • A large female SpinyShell Turtle may live up to 50 years..


Galapagos Giant Tortoise

Galapagos Giant Tortoise

Galapagos Giant Tortoise:


Scientific Name: Chelonoidis Nigra
Family : Testudinidae
Length: Up to 187 cm
Weight : Up to 420 kg
Distribution: Galapagos Island


Galapagos Giant Tortoise



Galapagos tortoise facts


  • These giant tortoise can grow to an immense and surprising size! No wonder they are the largest living species of tortoise in the whole world


  • They can grow so big that the largest of its species found would be require 8 full grown men to even lift them from the ground.


  • These giant tortoise have a large bony shell often in a dull brown or gray color where the plates of the shell are fused with the ribs in a rigid protective structure that is integral to the skeleton


  • Its legs are large and stumpy ( front legs have five claws , back legs have only four ) with dry scaly skin and hard scales


  • These turtles have life spans  of over 100 years in the wild , easily making it one of the longest living vertebrates


  • Just like how tortoise are portrayed in cartoons they can withdraw its head , neck and fore limbs into its shell for protections


  • The "Galapagos Giant Tortoise" are native to seven of the Galapagos Islands a volcanic archipelago about 1000 km west of the Ecuadorian mainland .


  • It is believed that the Spanish explorers who discovered the islands in the 16th century named them after the Spanish Galapagos meaning tortoise


  • Despite the adult Galapagos Giant Tortoise hot having .


  • This decline is believed to be caused by depredations by humans and introduced animals over  exploitation for meat and oil, habitat clearance for agriculture and introduction of non-native animals to the island ( rats and goats)


  • The extinction of the most giant tortoise lineages is thought to have also been caused by depredation by humans or human ancestors as the tortoises themselves have no natural predators


  • According to the IUCN , the Galapagos giant tortoise is considered a vulnerable species . Their numbers have declined over many years due to mainly two reasons


  • These are believed to be caused by hunting for bush-meat or habitat loss due to deforestation ..
  • These small crocodile type tortoise are widely kept and bred in many zoo..
king cobra facts

king cobra facts

king cobra facts:


Scientific name : Ophiophagus hannah
Family : Elapidae
Length: Up to 5.8 m
Weight: Up to 6 kg
Distribution: Southeast Asia& India


king cobra facts


king cobra facts


  • The King Cobra is the world's  longest venomous snake and boast a fear some reputation in its range , even though it typically avoids confrontation with humans when possible


  • A single bite from this snake may result in rapid fatality which can be as early as 30 minutes after bitten . Its envenomation was even recorded to be capable of killing elephants within only hours..


  • Ophiophagus is a Greek-derived word, meaning " snake-eater ". That being said , the King Cobra's diet consists primarily of other snakes including rat snakes , small snake pythons , and even other venomous snakes . However ,, when food is scare, it also feeds on other small vertebrates such as lizards birds and rodents .


  • Although quite uncommon, the King Cobra is observed to constrict its prey rather than to bite. Its slow metabolic rate allows it to be able to live for many months with only one full meal


  • Like many snakes , it receives chemical information through its forked tongue ( which picks up scent particles and transfers them to a special sensory receptor located in the roof of its mouth ), much to the human sense of smell.


  • When the scent of a prey is detected , it flicks its tongue to gauge the prey's location ( the twin froks of the tongue acting in stereo)


  • Besides that its intelligence and sensitivity to earth-borne vibrations they also possess keen eyesight ( being able to detect moving prey almost 110 m 360 ft away ) used to track prey from afar


  • Its venom consists primarily of neurotoxins , known as the haditoxin and other compounds which affects the victim's central nervous system


  • It is capable of delivering a fatal bite and the victim may receive a large quantity of venom with a dose of 200 to 500 mg or even up to 7 ml.


  • It bitten, large quantities of antivenom are needed to reverse the progression of symptoms resulting in severe pain, blurred vision, vertigo , drowsiness and eventually paralysis . In some serious cases serious , the symptoms may progress to cardiovascular collapse , resulting in the falling into a coma , only to die soon after due to respiratory failure ..


  • The King Cobra is well known throughout the world and is a prominent symbol in the mythology and folk traditions of Pakistan, India, Myanmar and  Sri Lanka 
Gaboon Viper | bite | facts

Gaboon Viper | bite | facts

Gaboon Viper | bite | facts:


Scientific Name : Bitis Gabonica
Family : Viperidae
Length : up to 2.2 m
Weight : up to 12 kg
Distribution: Africa


Gaboon Viper | bite | facts



Gaboon Viper facts


  • Also known as the Butterfly Adder, Forrest Puff Adder or Swampjack, the Gaboon Viper is a venomous snake species found mainly in the rain forest and savannas of Saharan Africa


  • With a venom yield 2400 mg , it holds the record of having the largest snake venom dose in the world


  • Its features are quite distinguishable compared to other snake-large and triangular head , while the neck is greatly narrowed ( 65% smaller in width compared to head ) and a pair of small horns between the raised nostrils


  • Also it has the long fangs up to 5 cm in length !


  • While observations of the species have resulted in it being a rather slow-moving and placid viper ( often hunting by ambush through long periods of time motionless waiting for suitable prey ) , they are also said to hunt activity .


  • It has excellent camouflage making it almost impossible to spot between piles of fallen leaves in the rain forest.


  • Unlike many other vipers the Gaboon Viper are mostly very tolerant snakes even when handled , rarely biting or hissing .

Despite this extreme care should be taken when handled as they are also one of the fastest striking snakes in the world..

  • A single bite from a "Gaboon Viper" can cause rapid and conspicuous swelling , intense pain local blistering , severe shock defection urination convulsions unconsciousness and many more fatal symptoms that can lead to inevitable death.


  • Even if treated , the healing process might be very slow and fatalities during the process are not uncommon


  • Most bites only occur when a Gaboon viper is stepped on but even the in some case this does not guarantee a bite.


  • Bite from the Gaboon Viper is extremely rare as they tend to only reside in rain Forest areas and are unaggressive against nature


  • Despite that when a bite does occur , antivenom should be administered as soon as possible because it could be a matter of life or death
komodo dragon facts

komodo dragon facts

komodo dragon facts:


Scientific Name : Varanus Komodoensis
Family: Varanidae
Length: Up to 3 m ( 10ft)
Weight: up to 165 kg ( 363 ) lbs
Distribution: Southern Indonesia

komodo dragon facts


komodo dragon facts


  • Also known as the Komodo Island Monitor , the Komodo Dragon is a large species of Lizard found naturally only in the Indonesian islands of Komodo , Rinca, Flores , Gili Motang and Padar
  • Lengths reaching up to more than 3 m , it is easily the largest living species of lizard in the reptile kingdom
  • Imagine your average household lizard, but only 10 times larger and comes with a venomous bite-that's the Komodo Dragon for you 
  • Being carnivorcus, they have over 60 sharp teeth that can measure up to 25 mm and possess blood-tinged saliva because its teeth are almost completely covered by gingival tissue that is naturally lacerated during feeding .
  • These huge lizards dominate the ecosystems in which they live with their giant size , hunting and ambushing prey including mammals ( yes , they are known to attack people ) birds and even invertebrates -making them exceptional hunters in the wild .
  • On the islands they dominate , no other carnivorous animal can fill the niche , Although rarely there are cases of human by these huge reptiles
  • They have exceptional abilities of sight with the ability to see for as far as 280 m , but because their retinas only contain cones , they are believed to have really poor night vision.
  • Komodo dragons are also known to eat a considerable amount of carrion ( decaying flesh of dead animals ) resulting in very bad oral hygiene which only contributes to how dangerous their bite can be .
  • However , recent studies by researchers suggest that although the Komodo Dragons have venom-like proteins in their mouths , they may be using them of a different function and that the result of their bite is primarily caused by the sudden shock and blood loss.
  • Their hide in reinforced with armored scales which contain tiny bones called osteoderms that function as a sort of natural chain mail .
  • However , this rugged texture makes "Komodo Dragon" skin a poor and uncomfortable source of leather to wear
  • They are definitely famous zoo attractions due to their large size and fearsome nature.
  • However Komodo Dragons are listed as vulnerable by IUCN due to many human activities
  • Its's a good thing that Komodo Dragons are protected under Indonesian law and Komodo National Park was even founded to aid protection efforts
Frilled Lizard

Frilled Lizard

Frilled Lizard:


Scientific Name: Chlamydosaurus Kingii
Family : Agamidae
Length : up to 84 cm
Weight : up to 0.5 kg
Distribution: Australia , New Guinea


Frilled Lizard



frilled lizard facts


  • The "Frilled Dragon" or Frilled Lizard is a unique lizard species due to its very unusual appearance . Also called the Frilled Agama, this large lizard has a large frill around its neck and is a popular exotic pet


  • These awesome lizards don't have a standard color as they are able to adapt to their habitats and their colors are a form of camouflage .


  • Frilled Dragon lizards found in dryer environment tend to be a mixture of reds, browns and oranges while other lizards in more humid and tropical environments tend to be in grays and darker shades of brown


  • Their large Frilled Dragon feels frightened it produces a startling dramatic display . When frightened or cornered , it gapes its mouth and exposes a bright pink or yellow lining then spreads out its frill , displaying bright orange and red scales


  • At the same time raising its relatively large body and at times may holds its tail above its body.


  • This response is usually brought only to discourage predators territorial displays and during courtship


  • These lizards spend the majority of its time in the trees and only ventures to the floor in search of food or to take on territorial conflict


Leaf Tailed Gecko

Leaf Tailed Gecko

Leaf Tailed Gecko:

Scientific Name : Uroplatus Phantasticus 
Family : Gekkonidae
Length: Up to 15 cm
Weight: Up to 10 g
Distribution : Madagascar


Leaf Tailed Gecko



leaf tailed gecko facts


  • Also known as the Eyelash "leaf-tailed Gecko" this small light weight gecko is endemic to Madagascar ( meaning it is not found naturally anywhere else ) 

  • It is well known for its brown leaves like appearance which acts as its natural camouflage.

  • Although the Majority of this species are often found to be a mottled brown they also have many other coloration's including shades of yellow , orange and even purple with small black dots on the underside , which is a key feature in identifying them compared to other similar species ..
  • In the Daytime their camouflage adaptions  help them extremely well in blending into its surroundings keeping them safe by fooling predators 

  • During the night these adaptions helps them in the hunt for prey by also fooling prey only to strike when in close distance .

  • Its easy to say that the Fantastic Leaf-tailed Gecko is a master of camouflage due to their incredible natural camouflage adaption towards the environment .

  • However they have much more to offer that proves they are masters at avoiding predators .

  • Not only they can wilfully shed their tail to fool a predator and open their wide jaws to frighten predators with their red mouth , they are also observed to flatten their bodies against the surface not reduce their body's shadow heightening their camouflage abilities even more .

  • Thanks to the adhesive scales under their feet and their strong curved claws they are able to roam through the trees along the rain forests at night quite proficiently 

  • Similar to other  geckos the Fantastic Leaf-tailed Gecko has no eyelids. Instead it has spectacles that protect their eyes 
  • When dust and debris get into their eyes , they will use their long flexible tongues to wipe away the dirt

Armadillo girdled lizard

Armadillo girdled lizard

Armadillo girdled lizard:


Scientific Name : Ouroborus Cataphractus
Family : Cordylidae
Length: Up to 10.5 cm
Weight : Up to 97.5 kg
Distribution: South Africa


Armadillo girdled lizard


Armadillo girdled lizard


  • Famously known as just the Armadillo Gridled Lizard , the Armadillo Spiny-tailed Lizard , the Golden Armadillo Lizard is a lizard species endemic to rock cracks and crevices in desert areas along the western coast of South Africa


  • These cool looking "lizards" sport light or dark brown coloration which earns them the name Golden Armadillo


  • Since they like to live in small rock outcrops and cervices in the desert they won't be easily found making them quite a rare sight


  • However if you do stumble upon one just like an Armadillo , they will curl up into a ball by taking its tail in its mouth with its thick squarish yet sharp scales protecting it if at any chance it may feel threatened or cornered


  • The Armadillo Gridled Lizard  is a diurnal ( opposite of nocturnal ) species and lives groups of p to even 50 individuals of all ages


  • Interestingly , females give birth to their young instead of laying eggs like many other lizard species


  • Observations have concluded that the mothers may even feed their young making this species of lizard one of the very  few of its species to give birth and take care of its young 
African Rock Python

African Rock Python

African Rock Python:

Scientific Name : Python sebae
Family : Pythonidae
Length : Up to 7.5 m ( 24 ft 7 inch)
Weight : up to 91 kg
 Distribution : Asia & Africa

African Rock Python


African Rock Python facts


  • The African Rock Python is Africa's largest snake and easily one of the largest snakes in the world, with some specimens exceeding lengths of over 7.5m


  • These large snakes can be found in a variety of habitats in moist tropics of Asia and Africa, from forests to near sources of water


  • They have bodies which are thick and covered with coloured blotches often joining up in a broad irregular stripe


  • As well as body markings that vary between brown olive and  chestnut, but fade to white on the underside


  • The head is triangular in shape and is marked on top with a dark brown spear-head outlined in buffy yellow.


  • Although they have many sharp, backwardly curved teeth, like all pythons , the African Rock Python is nonvenomous and kills its prey by constriction.


  • The African Rock Python often eats animals up to the size of an antelope and occasionally even crocodiles


  • Another interesting fact about these egg-laying snakes is that unlike most snakes , the female protects her nest and sometimes even her hatchings


  • Although they rarely kill humans, the "African Rock Python" is widely feared due to its exceptional size, and its ugly temperament


  • With that said, the African Rock Python is not a species that many keepers should choose to maintain


shingleback lizard

shingleback lizard

shingleback lizard:



Scientific Name : Tiliqua rugosa
Family : Scincidae
Length: up to 31 cm
Weight: Up to 0.9kg
Distribution: Western Australia

shingleback lizard


bobtail lizard


  • Easily one of the strangest reptiles in the world , the Bobtail Skink is a short-tailed , blue-tongued skink that moves relatively slow found in Australia
  • Besides bobtail and "Shingleback", its stumpy and sluggish appearance has earned it many names including Stump-tailed skink , Pine cone Lizard Sleepy Lizard and Bogey
  • They have a triangular head and a bright blue tongue in which its stumpy tail is similar in shape to its head , earning its two headed skink name
  • Scientist believe that this trait possibly evolved as a defense mechanism against predators .


  • Although they are very slow moving lizards, they compensate speed with high defense against predators . One being that their tail which looks like their head can easily confuse many predators


  • When threatened they are observed to open their big mouth widely showing a bright blue tongue that can also scare away potential predators


  • Their thick and bulky armored body and can be found in various colors ranging from dark brown to cream


  • The tail is also contains fat reserves which are drawn upon during brumation in winter . However unlike other lizards they cannot shed their tail


  • They can be found sun basking in open areas along shrub lands and deserts grass lands to sandy dunes
  • Although they have poor speed , they can move up to an average to 450 meters a day


  • The Bobtail Skink is a popular pet among many Australian enthusiasts and animals lovers as they are relatively docile and easy to feed and maintain. However a permit is required if one wishes to keep them in some areas