Showing posts with label Facts About Birds. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Facts About Birds. Show all posts
Wood Stork | facts | diet

Wood Stork | facts | diet

Wood Stork | facts | diet:




"Wood Stork"

Wood Stork



Scientific Name: Mycteria americana

Wing Span : up to 180 cm

Length: up to 115 cm

Weight up to 4.5 kg

wood stork facts


  • The wood stork's head bears much resemblance to that of an ibis due to this it is usually mistaken as one
  • Being a the only stork that presently breeds in north America the Wood Stork is suggested to be able to adapt to a variety of habitats that are in the tropics and have fluctuating water levels.
  • Where as the main habitats are those where it nests over water and those where it is surrounded by water
  • While on the wet season fish make up about half the diet carbs make up about 25% and insects and frogs make up the rest
  • Wood Stork without a nest occasionally try and take over others nests. Such are performed by more than one bird where the young and eggs are thrown out of the nest within about 15 minutes .
  • if only one stork is attending the nest when it is forced out then it will usually wait for its mate to try and take the nest back over
  • It is observed that during the breeding season , wood storks need over 180 kg of fish themselves and their oppspring
Toco toucan bird | facts | size

Toco toucan bird | facts | size

Toco toucan bird | facts | size:




"Toco toucan"


Toco toucan


Scientific Name: Ramphastos Toco

Wing Span: Up to 63 cm

Length: up to 65 cm

Weight: up to 0.88 g

toucan facts


  • Also known as the Comon Toucan, Giant Toucan or simply Toucan , the Toco Toucan is the largest and the  most popular of the toucan family . These birds sports  a striking plumage with a mainly a black body and  white throat
  • While many think that they have a blue iris , these are actually thin blue skin around the eye with the blue skin surrounded by another ring of bare orange skin
  • Its most noticeable feature is its huge yellow orange bill,which can measure from 15.8 to 23 cm in length .
  • Their huge bills may look heavy but as in other toucans it is relatively light because the inside largely is hollow
  • Their long bill is useful for reaching things that otherwise would be out of reach.The Toco Toucan is typically seen in pairs or small groups
  • Toco Toucans can found in semi open habitats throughout a large part of central and western south America and are common attraction in zoos 
Shoebill | facts| size | attack

Shoebill | facts| size | attack

Shoebill | facts| size | attack:




"Shoebill"


Shoebill



Science Name : Balaenicipitidae


Wing Span : up to 152 cm

Length : up to 140 cm

Weight: up to 7 kg

shoebill facts


  • Also known as the whale head or shoe-billed Stork, the Shoe bill is a very large stork-like bird . It has a massive shoe shaped bill hence its name.
  • The Shoe bill's signature feature their huge , bulbous bill with very sharped edges in the mandibles are used to decapitate their prey and also to discard any vegetation after prey has been caught
  • Their feet are exceptionally large with the middle toe reaching up to 19 cm in length , likely assisting the species in its ability to stand on aquatic vegetation while hunting .
  • Shoe bill often look like some sort of a bird statue when they stand very still in swamps while on the hunt for prey
  • Their tall figure coupled with their dull feather colors of brown Greyish plumage certainly make the Shoe bill often seen as one of the world's most evil looking birds


Rhinoceros Hornbill

Rhinoceros Hornbill

Rhinoceros Hornbill:






"Rhinoceros Hornbill"

Rhinoceros Hornbill



Scientific Name: Buceros Rhinoceros

Wing span: up to 152 cm

Lwngth : up to 125 cm

Weight: up to 2.9 kg

rhinoceros hornbill facts


  • It is a large species of forest hornbill found in lowland and montane, tropical and subtropical climates and in mountain rain forests up to 1400 meters in Borneo Sumatra , Java and Malay Peninsula, Singapore and Southern Thailand 
  • The Rhinoceros Hornbill has a prominent golden -yellow horn ( called a caque) on the top of its beak with their large hornbill reaching lengths of top up to 90 cm
  • It is the state bird of the Malaysian State of Sarawak and the Country's National bird . According to traditional beliefs of some Dayak people  this bird is the chief of worldly bird , and its statue is used to welcome the God of the augural birds - sengalang Burong to the feasts and celebrations of humankind
  • This large bird species faces a number of threats including loss of its rainforest habitat , as well as hunting for its meat skull and feathers 

Behavior 


Rhinoceros Hornbills feed mainly on fruits and insects, but may also prey on small reptiles, rodents and smaller birds.

Like other hornbills, the adult Rhinoceros Hornbills form breeding pairs and have unusual nesting habits. The pair build a nest in a hollow tree and seal the opening with mud, faeces and food remains  – with the female inside. Only a small hole is left, through which the male passes the female regurgitated food, while the female incubates the eggs

Red-whiskered bulbul

Red-whiskered bulbul

Red-whiskered bulbul:




Red-whiskered bulbul


Red-whiskered bulbul


Scientific Name:  Pycnonotus Jocosus

Wing Span: up to 28 cm

Length: up to 20 cm

Weight : up to 28 g

red whiskered bulbul facts


  • The Red-Whiskered Bulbul or also known as the Crested Bulbul , eats a wide range of different foods, ranging from fruit to seeds ( including those of the yellow oleander that are toxic to mammals ) , nectar small insects and other arthropods and even small vertebrates,
  • Their loud and evocative call is a sharp kink-a-joo ( also transcribed as pettigrew or kick-pettigrew or pleased to meet you ) and the song is a scolding chatter
  • It is more often heard than seen, but will often perch conspicuously especially in the mornings when they call from the tops of trees . The Red whiskered bulbul has a life span of about 11 years.  


OilBird | Steatornis Caripensis

OilBird | Steatornis Caripensis

OilBird:





OilBird

OilBird | Steatornis Caripensis




Scientific Name: Steatornis Caripensis

Wing Span: Up to 95 cm

Length : up to 49 cm

Weight: 0.48 kg

oilbird facts


  • Locally known as the guacharo it can be found in the  northern areas of South America including the island of Trinidad
  • The Oil Bird is a large slim oily bird. They have a flattened powerfully hooked bill surrounded by deep chestnut rectal bristles and feathers of the oilbird are soft like those of many night birds. It is mainly reddish brown with white spots on the nape and wings.
  • Other than for clinging to vertical sufaces their feet are small and  almost useless . The long wings have evolved to make itt capable of hovering and twisting flight which enables it to navigate through restricted areas of its caves.
  • They nest in caves  , forage at night and navigate by echolocation in the same way as bats. Oilbirds are  the only known nocturnal flying fruit-eating birds in the world besides the Kakapo which are flightless.
  • As their name implies the oilbird is so oily that people used to hunt them and boil them down to extract their oil for use as fuel


peregrine falcon facts

peregrine falcon facts

peregrine falcon facts:





Peregrine Falcon

peregrine falcon facts



Scientific Name: "Falco peregrinus"

Wing Span: Up to 120 cm

Length : up to 58 cm

Weight: Up to 1.5 kg

facts about Peregrine Falcon



  • Most commonly known as  the Peregrine it is a large  crow-sized falcon it has a blue grey back barred white underparts and a black head
  • Peregrine Falcons are one of the most widely distributed species on the world
  • The peregrine is renowned for being the fastest animal  kingdom.
  • It is so well know for its speed , as it is able to reach speeds of over 389 km/h (242 mph) during its characteristics hunting stoop ( high speed dive ) .
  • Their long pointed wings help to direct them a they take these power ful dives to kill their prey . smaller birds . Their upper beak is notched near the tip , concluded as an adaption which enables falcons to kill prey by serving the spinal column at the neck.
  • Skydiving at such speeds would damage any animal's breathing mechanism , but not for the Peregrine falcon
  • This is because the Peregrine has evolved a type of nasal covering that diverts the high pressure air from entering and damaging their lungs.
  • The Peregrine falcon is a well respected falcony bird due to its strong hunting ability high train ability and versatility, ranking it one of the top for the bird species.
  • There are an estimated 1,650 breeding pairs in the United States and Canada.




Mating season: Late March through May.

Gestation: 29-32 days for egg incubation.

Clutch size: 3-4 eggs.

Both the male and female incubate the eggs for about one month. The chicks start to fly in about 42 days, but are still dependent on their parents to learn how to hunt. Peregrine falcons are very territorial during breeding season and will vigorously defend their nests.
Philippine Eagle

Philippine Eagle

Philippine Eagle:





"Philippine Eagle"

Philippine Eagle



Scientific Name: Pithecophaga Jefferyi



Wing Span: Up to 220 cm

Length: up to 110 cm

Weight: up to 4 kg

Philippine eagle facts



  • Also known as the great Philippines eagle or monkey-eating eagle the Philippine Eagle is the world's  longest eagle of the eagle family
  • As an apex predator  ( a predator residing at the top of a food chain upon which no other creatures prey) , it was once called the Philippine Monkey -Eating Eagle because it was believed that it preyed only on monkeys.
  • With furthur observation it was concluded that it does hunt monkeys taking with whatever mean it can find. They have heavy legs yellow , with large powerful dark claws and the  prominent large high-arched deep beak is a bluish-grey and the fact that it doesn't exclusively dine on primate flesh doesn't make it any less terrifying
  • It was made the national bird of the Philippines on July 4, 1995. As a result of this ,  if anybody kills one they can look forward to spending a total of twelve years in prison.


Roseate Spoonbill

Roseate Spoonbill

Roseate Spoonbill:




"Roseate Spoonbill"

Roseate Spoonbill


Scientific Name: Platalea ajaja

Wing Span : up to 133 cm

Length : up to 86 cm

Weight : up to 1.8 kg

roseate spoonbill facts

roseate spoonbill florida


  • The Roseat Spoonbill's pinkish color is diest-derived meaning it is caused by what they eat , consisting of the carotenoid pigment canthaxanthin & astaxanthin
  • Their age location breeding season and diets high in these carotenoids is why many Roseat Spoonbill's color range from pale pink to bright magenta
  • They feed mainly on crustaceans, frogs, newts and smaller fish in shallow fresh or coastal waters by swinging its bill from side to side as it steadily walks through the waters often in groups which is interestingly known as a bowl of spoon bills.
  • The Roseat Spoonbill nests in shrubs or trees laying 2-5 whitish with brown markings eggs at a time. If left alone baby birds are sometimes killed by turkey vultures bald eagles raccoons and fire ants..
Ruppell's Vulture

Ruppell's Vulture

Ruppell's Vulture:





Ruppell's Vulture


Ruppell's Vulture


Scientific Name: Gyps rueppellii

Wing span : up to 2.6 meters

Length: up to 103 cm

Weight: up to 9 kg

griffon vulture facts


  • The Ruppell's Vulture is named in honor to Eduard Ruppell, a 19th century German explorer collector and zoologist
  • Famously known as the highest flying bird , this large vulture is also known as Ruppell Griffin Vulture .It can fly t an altitude of up to 11300 meters ( 37100 ft) above sea level which is the same height as a coasting commercial airplane!
  • They are relatively slow flying birds cruising at a mere 35 kp/h but are able to fly for long periods of time , for more than 6 hours every day. They are noted to fly far as 150 kilometers from their homes to find food
  • They are at risk to extinction and are on the IUCN Red list with a status of near threatened since the year 2007
  • With only an estimated 30000 left their numbers are predicted to keep on decreasing mainly due to loss of habitat and incidental poisoning


road runner bird

road runner bird

road runner bird:





"Road Runner"



road runner bird


Scientific Name: Geococcyx 

Wing span: Up to 60cm

Length up to 61 cm

Weight up to 430 g

roadrunner bird facts


  • Also known as Chaparral birds or Chaparral crocks , Roadrunners are species of fast running ground cuckoos with long tails and crests and have zygodactyl feet that are usually found in the desert. The Roadrunner is the state bird of New Mexico
  • With speed reaching up to 20 miles per hour ( 32 km/h) they are one of the few animals that preys upon rattlesnakes and it is also the only real predator of Tarantula Hawk Wasps . Although they generally prefer sprinting to flying they will fly to escape when faces with predators 
  • In Mexican Indian and American Indian tribes such as the Pima it was considered good luck to see a Roadrunner . According to some beliefs the bird was considered sacred and nevere killed , but most Mexican Indians used the meat of the Roadrunner as a  folk remedy to cure illness or to broost stamina and strength.
  • The Hopi and other Pueblo tribes believed that roadrunners were medicine birds and could protect against evil spirits
  • Their unusual X-shaped foot prints are used as sacred symbols to ward off evil in many Pueblo tribes , partially because they invoke the protective power of the roadrunners themselves and partially because the X-shaped of the tracks conceals  which direction the bird is headed ( thus 


Hyacinth Macaws

Hyacinth Macaws

Hyacinth Macaws:




"Hyacinth Macaws"

Hyacinth Macaws


Scientific Name: Anodorhynvvhus Hyacinthinus

Wing span: up to 85 cm

Length up to 100 cm

weight : up to 1.7 kg

hyacinth macaw facts


  • In the largest flying parrot in the world and native to central an eastern America
  • Also Famous for their striking cobalt blue plumage with bright yellow rings around the eyes they are sometimes also called the Blue Macaw
  • Hyacinth Macaws have very strong beaks for eating the kernels of hard nuts and seeds
  • Their strong beaks are even able to crack coconuts, the large Brazil nut pods even and macadamia nuts
  • With population have been declined in past few years. The Hyacnith Macaw is an endangered species, with less than 4900 Hyacinth Macaws left in the world due to habitat loss cage bird trade and hunting
  • Locally in Brazil it has been hunted for food , and the Kayapo Indians of Gorotire in South-central Brazil use its features to make headdresses and other ornaments
  • While overall greatly reduced in numbers it remains locally common in the Brazilian Pantanal where many ranch owners now protect the macaws on their land


Indian peafowl

Indian peafowl

Indian peafowl:





"Indian Peacock"


Indian peafowl



Scientific Name: Pavo Cristatus

Wing Span
Up to 160 cm

Length up to 225 cm

Weight up to 6 kg

indian peafowl facts


  • Also known as the Indian Peafowl or the Blue Peafowl this birds is a large and brightly colored species of Peafowl native of South Africa
  • Without doubt this species is one of the most beautiful birds in the world. The male peacock is sports a fan-like crest of spatula-tipped wire like feathers and is best known for the long train made up of elongated upper-tail covert feathers which shows colorful eye spots. These stiff feathers are raised into a fan and quivered in a display during courtship . Despite the length and size of these covert feathers peacocks are still capable of flight
  • Peahens on the other hand have a greenish lower neck and duller brown plumage
  • There are a few color mutations of the Indian Peafowl. These color mutations very rarely occur in the wild but selective breeding has made them common in captivity
  • One instance is of the white peafowl where it is commonly mistaken for an albino , but in actually is a leucistic mutation
  • These birds have loud calls that make them easy to detect and in forest areas often indicate the presence of a predator such as their natural predator tigers
  • in the yer 1963 the Indian peacock was declared the National Bird of India because of its rich religion and legendary involvement in Indian Tradition


KAGU

KAGU

KAGU:





"KAGU"



KAGU



Scientific name: Rhynochetos Jubatus

Wing Span: up to 80 cm

Weight up to 1.2 kg

kagu facts


  • A wild "Kagu" can only be found in New Caledonia , a small island of Australia .
  • Appearance wise , it has pale grey plumage and bright red legs and lives in the dense mountain forests of New Caledonia occupying territories of over 60 acres . It may look like a common average bird, but its family .
  • Its the only bird species that has nasal corns small structures over the nasal openings. Its thoughts that they evolved to prevent dust and other particles from entering the nose , since the Kagu spends so much times rooting around the dirt with its beak its prey
  • The Kagu is almost flightless meaning that it spends its time on or near the ground , where it hunts its prey and builds a nest of sticks on the forest floor
King Bird of Paradise

King Bird of Paradise

King Bird of Paradise:




King Bird of Paradise

King Bird of Paradise




Scientific Name: Cicinnurus Regius

Wing Span : up to 180 cm

Length :  up to 16 cm

Weight up to 450 g

king bird of paradise facts


  • The King Bird of Paradise is a passerine bird and is the sole member of the genus Cicinnurus . It is distributed throughout lowland forests of New Guinea and near by islands
  • It is called a living gem because of its unique features .It is not only the smallest but also the most vividly colored among birds of paradise . With males being crimson ad white with bright blue feet and green tipped fan like plumes on his shoulder
  • The two elongated tail wires are decorated with emerald green disk feathers on its tip. However the unadorned females are brown birds with barring below  making such a significant contrast compared to their counterparts
  • During mating season an extraordinary courtship display is performed by the male with a series of tail swinging fluffing of the white abdominal feathers that makes the bird look like a cotton ball and acrobatic movements of their elongated tail wires
  • The King Bird of Paradise is certainly one of the most beautiful birds of its species


Bearded vulture

Bearded vulture

Bearded vulture:




"Bearded vulture"

Bearded vulture




Lammergier

Scientific Name: Gypaetus barbatus


Wing Span: up to 2.83

Length up to 125 cm

Weight up to 7.8

bearded vulture facts


  • Also known as Bearded Vultures , these huge birds are mostly dark gray blue or grey black rusty and whitish in color.
  • Some Bearded Vultures are variably orange or rust of plumage on their head breast and leg feathers but this actually due to dusk bathing rubbing mud on its body or from drinking in minerals rich waters.
  • They are noted be spotted on mountainous regions from all around the world mainly Europe Asia and Africa and are almost entirely associated with very high mountains.
  • Some Lammergiers have also been observed living at altitudes of over 7500 m on Mount Everest and been observed flying at height of over 7300 m. That's insanely high.
  • Lammergiers is actually a German word meaning Lamb vulture some people belive that this species of vulture feeds on small lambs.
  • Lammergiers likes to eat soft marrow found inside the bones ( their diet is exclusively bone almost 90%) which is what is left when other vultures have stripped the carcass of any meat In order to get this it does not use its claws or beak to try to beak the bones  .
kakapo bird

kakapo bird

kakapo bird:





"Kakapo"

kakapo bird



Scientific Name: Strigops habroptila

Length : up to 64 cm

weight up to 4 kg

 kakapo facts


  • It is the world's heaviest and only flightless parrot and also called the Owl Parrot or the Night Parrot.
  • It is a species of large , flightless nocturnal ground dwelling parrot that can be found in New Zealand
  • Like many Island predators the Kakapo evolved on New Zealand with no natural predators of its own. Allowing it to be so vulnerable to predation by the predators that modern humans brought with them to the island including cats and ferrets.
  • By the end of the year 2013 there were only an estimated 125 of them in existence making this species one of the world's rarest bird species ever.
  • Although they have very unique feathers their feathers are poorly suites to flight its bone and muscle structure have developed in such a way as to make flight.
  • It is also only one of its species to be nocturnal . Unfortunately the kakapo only breed three times o average each decade . Breeding occurs only when the fruit of the Rimu tree is in relative abundance ,also one of the main reason why there are only so few left.


The Mute Swan

The Mute Swan

The Mute Swan:



"Mute Swan"

The Mute Swan



Scientific Name: Cygnini

Wing span: Up to 240 cm

Length : up to 170 cm

Weight : up to 14.3 kg

mute swan facts


  • The Mute Swan is an introduced species is an introduced species in North America , Australasia and Southern Africa and is one of the world's largest waterfowl.
  • It got its name from being less vocal compared to others of its species . Their young are called cygnets and grow relatively quickly taking only 3 months to reach adult size after hatching the Mute Swan is considerably one of the most aggressive and territorial bird species on earth . These large birds nest in park ponds , community lakes and other sites frequented by humans , and are tend to be known to defend their nest by fiercely attacking potential predors.
  • Also one of the heaviest birds the Mute Swan in known for hissing and charging any threats it sees that approaches their nest.
  • They attack with their strong big wings pecks and shoves until they feel that the threat is no longer a threat.
  • Some cases in Mute Swan attacks include serious injuries such as eye injuries , bruises and even broken bone 
northern potoo

northern potoo

northern potoo:

Nyctibius Jamaicensis

northern potoo


Wing Span: Up to 95 cm

Length up to 46 cm

Weight : up to 280 g

Description:


  • Commonly seen perched motionless in an upright position on branches or pots these fairly large birds are found from Mexico south to Costa Rica and on the islands of Jamaica and Hispaniola.


  • It is most the Pulmage is grey brown with an intricate pattern of black , grey and cream markings. The cheeks are pale with a dark malar eye has a yellow iris which can shine red in light at night . The bird's calls are hoarse and guttural . It is very virtually identical in appearance with the Common Patoo but can be distinguished by the sounds they make .


  • The Northern patoo has a very different voice consisting of a series of mournful wailing whistles.


  • It feeds on large insects such as moths or beetles and hunts from a perch sitting  and waiting for prey then sallying out to catch it in flight


  • When they lay eggs only a single egg is laid on a broken branch with no nest material used -not even twigs or dead leaves .  Both parents take care of and feeding their young and are involved in incubating the egg before hatching 
Hoatzin

Hoatzin

Hoatzin:





"Hoatzin"

Hoatzin


Scientific Name: opisthocomus haozin

Wing span. Up to 100 cm

Length up to 65 cm

Weight up to 0.8 kg

hoatzin facts


  • Also known as the skin bird or Canje Pheasant the Hoatzin is a very unique species of tropical bird found in swamps , riparian forests and mangroves of the Amazon and the Orinoco Delta in south America.



  • The Hoatzin is pheasant size a noisy species with a variety of Hoarse calls including groans croaks hisses and grunts . They are the only bird species with a digestive system that ferments vegetation as a cow does , which enables it to eat leaves and buds exclusively.



  • They have a fore gut that they use to break down the plants they eat sing bacterial fermentation resulting in a foul smell coming from the bird earning its name the Skin bird.



  • However evolution operated on part of their digestive anatomy called the crop a feture common to birds to make it function much like a cow's rumen and as a result the crop is so large that it displaces muscles that otherwise would have been used for flight ..



  • Although Hoatzin  can still flight they  just can fly as well duw to this evolution.



  • The Hotzin birds are also notable for having chicks that possess claws on two of their wing digits which allow the chicks to move about tree branches without falling into the water below as soon as they hatch.



  • When a predator hawk attacks the mature Hoatzins fly about to distract the predator while the clicks hide under thicker cover.



  • If spotted by the predator the chicks plunge into the water swim away and use their clws to haul themselves back onto the nest.



  • Researchers speculate whether the claws are a result of selective pressure caused by predation or that the Hoatzin were a direct descendant of Archaeoptery.


  • Because of its claws some researchers have wondered if the Hoatzin was a direct descendant of Other think the claws are a more recent adaptation , having emerged as a result of the selective pressure caused by predation.



  • Either way the Hoatzi may be the most badass bird around. They're  good reminder that dinnosaurs still live among us