Sea Snakes

Sea Snakes:

Scientific Name: Hydrophiinae
Family : Elapidae
Length: Up to 3 m (10Ft)
Weight: up to 1.4 kg
Distribution: Indian and Pacific Ocean

Sea Snakes

Sea Snakes facts

  • Also known as Coral Reef Snakes , Sea Snakes are a subfamily of venomous elapidae snakes that inhabit marine environments for most or all of their lives being able to swim at depths over 90 m and can remain submerged for as long as a few hours .

  • Almost all Sea Snake species are fully adapted to aquatic life and are unable to move on land

  • Although they spend most of their lives under the sea they do not have gills and must surface regularly to breathe like whales

  • Most Hydrophiinae species have a paddle-like tail that has improved their swimming abilities and feed on smaller fish

  • Most sea snakes are of mid nature and bite only when provoked there are certain species of sea snakes with some of the most potent venom's of all snakes

  • Unlike other reptiles that also have thick and scaly skin the Sea Snakes are observed to be able to breathe through the top of their skin .

  • Despite the "Sea Snakes" unique marine adaptations , most of them prefer shallow waters near land around islands and especially sheltered waters

  • Although all bites from Sea Snakes rarely cause envenomation when it does it usually is painless and may not even be noticed when contact is made

  • Symptoms from being bitten include generalized aching , stiffness and tenderness of muscles all over the body leading paralysis of muscles involved in swallowing and respiration, making their bites fatal

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