interesting facts about planets

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interesting facts about planets

interesting facts about planets


facts Mercury 

Mercury




  • Mercury is the closet planet to our sun



  • Mercury the planet is super fast . It zips around the sun every 88 days and faster than any other plant



  • Mercury has no atmosphere which means there is no wind or weather to speak of



  • The surface of Mercury is very similar to our moon



  • Mercury has a very low surface gravity



  • There is no water on Mercury



  • The temperature on Mercury can change more than 530 c between night and day



  • Mercury is not as hot as you might think . Venus actually hotter



  • Mercury is the smallest planet in our solar system . If Earth was a baseball than Mercury would be a golf ball



  • Mercury is not as hot as you might think . Venus is actually hotter





facts Venus

Venus




  • Venus features no liquid water 


  • The surface is also likened to molten lead 


  • The surface of Venus is often described as a stormy desert full of many craters and very active volcanoes 


  • The clouds are so thick that little light even reaches the surface


  • It also features gravity similar to that of Earth 


  • Venus is surrounded by clouds consisting of mercury ferric chloride and sulphuric acid 


  • The clouds on the surface of Venus are so thick that little light even reaches the surface 


  • Its size slightly smaller than Earth


  • Its thick clouds lock in the heat while the surface rages with active volcanoes 


facts Earth

Earth




  • Scientists have dated of Earth as being 4 and 5 billion years. 


  • Mt Everest is the highest mountain on Earth , its peak reaches 8848 meter above sea level


  • The Earth is not perfectly round it is slightly flattened at the north and south poles 


  • The volcanic rock known as pumice is the only rock that can float in water


  • The Nile is The longest and massive river on Earth reaching 6696 km long 


  • The largest desert on Earth is the Sahara desert it covers about one third of Africa


  • Hawaii is moving towards Japan at the speed of 10 cm a year. This is because they are on different tectonic plates


  • Natural gas doesn't have an odor strong smells are added to it by humans so it can be detected when there are leaks 



  • Magma is the hot liquid rock under the surface of the Earth it is known as lava after it comes out a volcano 


  • Earth is the third planet from the sun and the denset and fifth largest planet in the solar system



  • It is also the largest of the Solar system's four terrestrial planets



  • It is sometimes referred to as the world or the blue planet



  • Earth formed approximately 4.54 billion years ago and life begin in the first billion year



  • About 71% of the surface is covered with water



  • The remaining part of the earth consist of mountains and islands



facts Mars




  • Mars or the Red planet as it is sometimes known has a dusty rocky and a thin atmosphere



  • Its relatively calm conditions and close proximity to earth make it the most likely destination for future planet exploration by humans



  • It has already been visited by a number of mars rover in successful robotic mission



  • The polar ice caps consist of frozen Col or dry ice which lies over layer or ice 


  • Mars has very weak gravity which cannot hold on to the atmosphere



  • Temperature ranges from -120 c in winter and  25 c in summer



  • Mars has many channel plains and canyons on the surface which have been caused by water erosion in the past



  • It is not thick enough to trap the sun's heat like Venus so the planet is very cold



  • Mars has a very thin atmosphere made mostly of carbon dioxide



  • Even the atmosphere is a pinkish red colored by tiny particles of dust storms which continually change its surface



  • Mars is nicknamed the red planet because it is covered with rust like dust


facts Jupiter 




  • Jupiter is the largest planet in our solar system 


  • Jupiter has many moons circling around it 


  • Four of its moon are bigger than Pluto 


  • Jupiter has a very strong magnetic field you would weigh two and a half times as much as you would on Earth 


  • Its been raging for over three hundred years 


  • Jupiter has many storms raging on the surface most notably the big red spot which is largest hurricane in our solar system


  • Surrounding the core is an ocean of liquid hydrogen about 1000 kilometers deep 


  • At the center of Jupiter is a rocky core slightly bigger than Earth but weighing about 20 times more 


  • In the blackness about 1000 km down the pressure squeezes the atmosphere so hard that it becomes like liquid 


  • It is so big that more than 1300 Earths could fit inside it 


  • Jupiter is the largest planet in out solar system 



facts Saturn 





  • Storms winds race around atmosphere 800 km/h 


  • Saturn has a very strong magnetic field which trap energy particles resulting in high levels of radiation 


  • Saturn is not a peaceful planet 


  • Like Jupiter , Saturn also has many moons which surround it 


  • If we could fir Saturn into a bathtub it would float 


  • The rings are made up of million of ice crystals some as big as houses and others as small as specks of dust It is surrounded by a system of rings that stretch out into space for thousands of kilometers 



  • Saturn is second largest planet of our solar system 


  • The most beautiful planet in our solar system is Saturn due to its spectacular ring system 


  • Saturn is a gas giant that features many extreme physical features and atmosphere



facts Neptune 




  • Neptune is a large planet that experiences extreme atmosphere weather conditions 



  • After the demotion of Pluto it now holds the distinction of being further away from the sun than any other planet in our solar system 


  • Neptune is a large planet nearly four times the size of Earth 


  • Neptune suffers the most violent weathers in our solar system 


  • Neptune is covered in thin wispy white clouds which stretch out around the planet 


  • Neptune is a large water planet with a blue hydrogen methane atmosphere and faint rings 




facts Pluto




  • Pluto was the smallest and furthest planet from the sun in our solar system 


  • The atmosphere of Pluto consists of nitrogen with some carbon monoxide and methane 


  • In 2006 Pluto was demoted to the status of dwarf planet 


  • Because it is so far away from the sun it is very cold with temperatures ranging from -235 c to -210 c 


  • Pluto consists of rock with a very thick coating of ice 


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