peregrine falcon facts

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Peregrine Falcon

peregrine falcon facts



Scientific Name: "Falco peregrinus"

Wing Span: Up to 120 cm

Length : up to 58 cm

Weight: Up to 1.5 kg

facts about Peregrine Falcon



  • Most commonly known as  the Peregrine it is a large  crow-sized falcon it has a blue grey back barred white underparts and a black head
  • Peregrine Falcons are one of the most widely distributed species on the world
  • The peregrine is renowned for being the fastest animal  kingdom.
  • It is so well know for its speed , as it is able to reach speeds of over 389 km/h (242 mph) during its characteristics hunting stoop ( high speed dive ) .
  • Their long pointed wings help to direct them a they take these power ful dives to kill their prey . smaller birds . Their upper beak is notched near the tip , concluded as an adaption which enables falcons to kill prey by serving the spinal column at the neck.
  • Skydiving at such speeds would damage any animal's breathing mechanism , but not for the Peregrine falcon
  • This is because the Peregrine has evolved a type of nasal covering that diverts the high pressure air from entering and damaging their lungs.
  • The Peregrine falcon is a well respected falcony bird due to its strong hunting ability high train ability and versatility, ranking it one of the top for the bird species.
  • There are an estimated 1,650 breeding pairs in the United States and Canada.




Mating season: Late March through May.

Gestation: 29-32 days for egg incubation.

Clutch size: 3-4 eggs.

Both the male and female incubate the eggs for about one month. The chicks start to fly in about 42 days, but are still dependent on their parents to learn how to hunt. Peregrine falcons are very territorial during breeding season and will vigorously defend their nests.
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